The way of being

A brief outline

To be revised parallel to the extended outline

Anil Mitra

Copyright © November 16, 2020 – November 24, 2020

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Contents

Guide

1.     Being

1.1.       Experience

1.2.       Being

1.3.       Cause

1.4.       The world

1.5.       Kinds of being

2.     Metaphysics

2.1.       On metaphysics

2.2.       Possibility

2.3.       A fundamental principle

2.4.       A real metaphysics

2.5.       Experience and the real

2.6.       Universe as field of being

2.7.       The ultimate

2.8.       Nature of being

3.     Realization

3.1.       The aim of being

3.2.       Means

3.3.       Path templates

3.4.       Resources

 

The way of being

An outline

Guide

This section is a guide to understanding the way of being.

Received meaning may achieve definiteness when it pertains to a well-defined context. For a context, meaning lies in the individual concepts and their system.

The way of being is concerned with ultimate knowledge of all being, and so its concept meanings, though related to the received, must vary from them. Here, there is no assured definite and final received meaning. It is therefore essential to specify and follow concept meanings carefully.

To understand the developments, it is necessary to follow the stated meanings (definitions), individually and as a system.

For the main concepts, see the system of concepts.

1.    Being

1.1.   Experience

The concepts of experience, phenomenal and non-phenomenal awareness

There is experience; there is experience of experience—and thus a real world even if only experience itself.

Experience relates subject to object

What is the world ‘made of’ and what does that question mean? This is addressed below, especially in the world and experience and the real, interpretations, fact, fiction, construct.

The range of experience

Introduction—the aims of the section are understanding, use, and preparation for a fuller metaphysics of experience—e.g., Whiteheadian.

High level consciousness vs elemental experience, preliminary to the world and its interpretations.

Modes—pure (its relativity to the subject), relational (attitude, action)

In pure experience there is no actual (‘external’) object, but there is always an internal object, and a potential external object.
Therefore, experience is relation (relational)

Elements—feeling, object bound-free in recall, concentrated-neutral, form-quality, outer-inner, intense-moderate, compelling-relaxed, focus-background

Foundation of the elements is in the form of an organism and its function in an environment—e.g., form follows from the nature of being, inner-outer is self vs environment perception – is relative to the organism of focus – and is a pragmatic rather than fundamental distinction
Hallucination—free but intense, compelling, so seemingly bound (hypothesis)
Delusion—incoherence of free-free or free-bound modes (hypothesis), thus cross-over between delusion and hallucination

Functions—feeling, conception (iconic-symbolic), emotion, intending, acting, reflexing

Mood—quality of emotive state in terms of sense of wellbeing, and energy of intention and action (hypothesis)

1.2.   Being

Concept (‘experience of’), referent (‘the experienced’, object), meaning, knowledge, verb to be, existence, being, beings, whole, part, nil.

Significance

The concept of significance

The ‘significance of significance’—so far as significance counts, experience is the place of being, but the object of significance is the universe.

1.3.   Cause

Reasons, power or effective cause, possibility, necessity

1.4.   The world

The world and its experiential boundary, interpretations (of experience), standard—material and monist as being-experience, maximal, the real

1.5.   Kinds of being

Dimensions and categories of being

Real

Being itself—experience, experience of, the experienced
Form (no being without form), relation (no form without relation), change (no experience without change, function of relation—on an indeterminist-determinist continuum).

Pragmatic

The nature of the pragmatic—practical, i.e. enables some negotiation of the world, even if incomplete with regard to precision and range; projected (e.g., cultural).
A system of pragmatic dimensions—nature (elementary or physical, complex including the living, and experiential or mind), civilization (institutions and technology), persons (mind-body agents, individuals), and the universal (lying beyond our experience of the nature, civilization, person, and including the unknown).

Concrete-abstract continuum

Knowledge of the concrete—directly in perception, indirectly by effect

Knowledge and definition of abstract—by abstraction and by symbolic construction

Concrete and abstract are not essentially distinct

Effective talk of all referents (objects) requires metaphysical system

Particular beings

Universe

Universe, definition, existence, one universe, not created, not effectively caused, possible, may be necessary

The void, existence does not follow from the definition

Existence of the void, proof, doubt, consistency with experience, postulation, existential principle
The universe as the manifest and the void

Cosmos

Individual

An experiential hierarchy

Introduction

Some aspects of the following anticipate the real metaphysics

Elementary

elementary experience (feeling, atomic vs relative), stimulus-response

Sentience

Clear sentience, perception

Higher sentience

Memory, conception—iconic and symbolic, thought, emotion
Reflexive experience, intentionality, self-awareness, self-direction

Individuals or persons

Agents
capable of apparent understanding and design but—from the real metaphysics—also true understanding and design
capable of—reflexively—understanding and knowing the above
Heidegger’s Dasein and comprehension of the question of the meaning of being (with Sorge or concern, the structure of consciousness par excellence, elevated to the ultimate—per Heidegger)
Human beings and perhaps some other animals are likely on a low rung of intelligent agency

Higher kinds

Possible and therefore per the real metaphysics, true higher and remote kinds but, if their power is not organic, the kind is likely improbable and ineffective except in limited locales
Hypothetical higher forms and awareness of multiple lives; gods
Hypothetical self-aware phases of the universe; into which all forms merge
Of which there is a highest kind, Brahman or Aeternitas, as an actual or a progression, into which all lesser kinds (agents, remote gods) merge

The universe and its identity

The ultimate
Identity of self (person) and the ultimate—constant contact and communication between self and the highest kind even when the self does not have explicit knowledge of it

Beings from beings

All, part, nil

Sum and difference

2.    Metaphysics

2.1.   On metaphysics

The concept of metaphysics

Is metaphysics possible?

Metaphysics was begun in Chapter 1. Being

How it is possible

How it will be extended

Justification of the concept

Plan of development

2.2.   Possibility

The concept of possibility

Logical and real possibility

Logic and science

Logic and science

Their dual empirical and rational character

Unity but not oneness of rationalism and empiricism

The greatest possibility

Metaphysical possibility

Necessity

Equivalence of the unconditional (being) and the necessary (being)

Unconditional or premise free necessity and its symmetries

2.3.   A fundamental principle

Statement

Consistency

Derivation of the principle

Proofs and heuristics

Doubt

Alternate—fundamental, underived—attitudes to the principle

Fundamental postulate

Existential principle

Ultimate consequences

Issue of connection

2.4.   A real metaphysics

The real metaphysics

Criticism

Criticism immanent in the text

Critical assessment, with summary

Incorporate the criticism of ‘magical realism’ as opposed to proximate vs ultimate realism

Method of use

General

Special

2.5.   Experience and the real

Interpretations of experience

The real as fact, fiction, or construct

The real

2.6.   Universe as field of being

Universe as a field of being and experience

Form, relation, and change

Sameness, difference, identity (of self and object), space, time, causation

2.7.   The ultimate

The universe and its identity

All beings realize the ultimate

The block universe, determinism, and indeterminism

Beings with agency are causal in realization

Paths of realization

Problem of pain

Death, ordinary and extraordinary paths

Problem of limits—death and other apparent limits, local vs universal limits

Ethics

2.8.   Nature of being

3.    Realization

3.1.   The aim of being

3.2.   Means

Metaphysics and reason

Ways and catalysts

Reinforcing the way

The issues—knowledge, blocks, commitment,

Reinforcement—the moment in balance with destiny, healthy living, source literature, sustaining the way—ritual, sangha, practice, action, and nature

3.3.   Path templates

Development and use

Derivation from metaphysics

Adaptability—the templates are general frameworks

To be on a path is also to develop pathways

Reinforcement (above)

Resource supplements

Everyday template

Universal template

3.4.   Resources

External sources

Internet

Reading

Site sources

Essays

Resource articles

The way of being as a resource

Formal

Informal

Influences

The system of concepts

Being

Experience, awareness, real, world, consciousness, relation
Concept, meaning, knowledge, verb to be, beings, significance
Cause, reasons, effective cause, power, possibility, necessity
The world, interpretations (of experience)
Kinds of being
Kinds, dimensions, categories

Real, form, relation, change

Pragmatic, nature, elementary, living, mind, civilization, persons, universal

Concrete, abstract, continuum (vs polarity)
Particular beings, universe, the void, manifest, cosmos, individual
Experiential hierarchy

Elementary experience, feeling, stimulus-response, sentience, perception, higher sentience, memory, conception, thought, emotion, reflexive experience, intentionality, self-awareness

Individuals, persons, agents

Higher kinds, gods, Brahman, Aeternitas, ultimate

Beings from beings, all, part, nil, sum, difference

Metaphysics

Metaphysics
Possibility, logical and real possibility, logic, science, metaphysical possibility, necessity, unconditional (being)
Fundamental principle, consistency, derivation, proofs, heuristics
Doubt
Principle as fundamental, fundamental postulate, existential principle
Real metaphysics, method
Experience and the real, interpretations, fact, fiction, construct
Universe as field of being and experience
Form, relation, change
Sameness, difference, identity, self, object, space, time, causation
The ultimate
Block universe, determinism, indeterminism
Paths, pain, death, ordinary paths, extraordinary paths, limits
Ethics

Realization

Realization, aim of being
Means, reason, ways, catalysts, reinforcing, knowledge, blocks, commitment, the moment, destiny, healthy living, literature, ritual, sangha, practice, action
Path templates

Resources

Sources, influences