System of Human Knowledge and Action

For The Way of Being

Anil Mitra © JANUARY 2018—June 2018

Detail—system of human knowledge and study topics




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Human Knowledge—a system

The real and given universe

1.     The Humanities, tradition, and religion

2.     Abstract sciences and method

3.     Concrete sciences

4.     History

Artifact and the created universe

5.     Art

6.     Technology

7.     Transformation of Being




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main influences.doc, main influences.html

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system of human knowledge.doc, system of human knowledge.html

System of Human Knowledge

Human Knowledge—a system

The way has intrinsic and instrumental aspects. The former includes self-transformation, the latter emphasizes material transformation of the world; but these are not altogether distinct but penetrate one another. Thus, while politics may be seen as instrumental, there is an intrinsic-immersive side to politics.

For these applied as well as intrinsic reasons, I derived an outline of a system of knowledge from classical and modern sources and modified it with insight from the perfect metaphysics and other study.

It is convenient to summarize human knowledge as a map of resources. The system below emphasizes knowledge, reason, practice, and action.

For more detail see system of human knowledge.html (doc) and study topics.html (doc).

The real and given universe

1.     The Humanities, tradition, and religion

Preliminary—there is overlap among humanities and the other divisions of knowledge; however, where illuminating, redundancy is appropriate.

Humanities and humanism—what should we know to live, relate, and contribute to the human side of culture? Adequacy of this rough definition of humanism and the humanities. That it suggests but does not specify the disciplines. The methods are critical, or speculative, comparative, and have a significant historical element.  There is no central discipline, but the humanities include ancient and modern languages, literature, philosophy, geography, history, cultural anthropology, religion, art, and musicology. Some details follow.

Knowledge—the disciplines and their history; that method and content are not essentially distinct.

Philosophy—process of bridging with the unknown; disciplines—metaphysics, logic (and epistemology), and ethics; special branches—critique of disciplines and human endeavors.

Tradition—tradition is the valid content in knowledge, reason—and action—for all cultures; its modes: primal, religious or trans-secular, secular, and integrated.

Religion—religion as knowledge and negotiation of the entire universe by the entire individual and groups in all their faculties and modes of being; its nature as asserting the trans-secular; omni-functionality; psychology of religion and religious experience; the religions.

2.     Abstract sciences and method

Metaphysics—study of Being and the given, experience, categories, knowledge, and principles of action; possibility of metaphysics; the abstract, the concrete, and the nature of perfect knowledge; the fundamental principle of metaphysics; all knowledge and action fall under the umbrella of metaphysics—including epistemology, reason, logic and ethics; the perfect metaphysics and recognized problems of metaphysics (being; substance, category, and cause; possible and necessary being; spacetime; identity; cause, determinism, freedom; mind and matter), cosmology, and agency.

Method—method is present above but a separate entry will be useful; note the overlap with other entries in this document; method and content are not essentially distinct, for method is an aspect of content when knowledge and values are the objects; methods are found in and as epistemology, argument, logic, establishment of fact, inductive and scientific method, comparative method, transcendental method in philosophy, artistic and engineering design, rhetoric and persuasion—general and political, the perfect metaphysics – way of being –  and ultimate realization exhibit numerous possibilities of method: perfect knowledge by abstraction, necessity from abstraction, complete absence of universal applicability of empirical knowledge and generalization there-from.

The real and the artifactual—the real and its nature; whether the real and the artifactual are essentially different and the consequent question of whether the division of knowledge into ‘universe’ and ‘universe of created Being’ is an essential distinction.

Abstract sciences and symbolic systems—signs; language and linguistics: word, concept, and object; logic; mathematics; computer science; and meta-disciplines

3.     Concrete sciences

Physical science—classical theories of particles and fields, special and general theories of relativity, quantum theories of particles and fields and their interpretations, standard theory of elementary particles and its problems, quantum theories of gravity—quantum loop gravity and string theory, theoretical and experimental cosmology, cosmological context and origins of the empirical cosmos, condensed matter physics, atomic – molecular – and optical physics, nuclear physics, chemistry and chemical origins of life, and turbulence.

Biology—nature, variety, structural levels from molecules to multi-cell organisms, origins and evolution of life on earth; co-evolutionary processes and mathematical evolutionary biology; exo- and speculative biology.

Psychology—study of psyche; primal, eastern and western approaches; psyche: nature, functions, memory, dynamics; and growth and integration, especially as personality; the unconscious; change and changeability of personality; an objective science of experience; biological psychology; behavioral and group or social psychology; psychoanalysis and existential-humanistic theories.

Social science and sciences—society and its nature; groups, institutions, dynamics, and change; culture, institutions of knowledge—schools, universities, academies and research establishments; anthropology; human civilization—problem and opportunity (journey in being)—and universal civilization; political-economics—science and philosophy, law.

Medicine, psychiatry, and applied social science—principles and practice, fields, professions.

Applied sciences I—physical science: technological sciences and engineering: drafting, engineering and its fields, industrial engineering and production management, and materials science.

Applied sciences II—biology and psychology: especially medicine and psychiatry, principles, fields, and professions; physical science for medicine and psychiatry.

Applied sciences III—social science: principles and practice, fields, professions.

4.     History

History—the nature of history; whether “the study of the past as it is described in written documents” is a good or adequate conception; methods; its instrumental or practical and intrinsic or ideal uses.

History of the world—the universe; the earth, life, origin of homo sapiens; pre-history and anthropology;

History of ideas—general ideas; history of culture, human endeavor, and disciplines.

Artifact and the created universe

5.      Art

Art—its nature; relation to metaphysics and to being-in-the world.

The arts—literature, drama, music, painting, drawing, sculpture, and architecture.

6.      Technology

Technology—what it is; its development; and its transformational and utilitarian uses.

Elements of technology—energy, conversion and use; tools and machines; measurement, observation, and control; extraction and conversion of raw materials; technology of industrial production processes.

Fields of technology—agriculture and food production; major industries—their technologies: manufacturing, transportation, chemical, extraction, mining; civil (buildings, highways, and other civil structures), mechanical, electrical, information processing (computation), communication and networking, knowledge and information technology; military technology; urban community; earth and space exploration.

Technology for language,  mind, and Being—speech, writing, and print; artificial intelligence, dual systems—mind computer interaction and interface, robotics, simulation, bio-machines, organism-machine transference of intelligence, (evolution of) civilization as human-machine-computer interaction.

7.      Transformation of Being

Theory of transformation of Being—the perfect metaphysics; with agency, intrinsic and instrumental. See templates for transformation.

Intrinsic modes of transformation—ideas (analytic and synthetic), yoga, mystic (mysticism), and other (e.g., religious) ways, existential approach (existentialism), modes of therapy, and transformation of body, psyche (consciousness studies, experience and nature, psychology), and person (personality), other catalysts of transformation—nature-Beyul and alteration of environment, animal empathy, physical modes, e.g. rhythm and deprivation; knowledge and immersive approaches to knowledge—metaphysics and science—and politics, and economics

Instrumental modes of transformation—culture and institutions of knowledge – research, communication, education; medicine, engineering, design, technology (see technology), social sciences—economics and politics, technological-ideational civilization of earth and the universe.

Dual modes—the foregoing are not perfectly distinct and there is cross-over.