Main Influences For
The Way of Being

Anil Mitra © JANUARY 2018—May 2018
Latest update Monday, May 21, 2018 8:45:04

Home

Contents

PLAN

The document

Sources

INTRODUCTION

Arrangements

Symbols used

MAIN INFLUENCES BY DISCIPLINE AND PERSON

Philosophy

Idealist, rationalist

Materialist, empiricist

Mathematics and science

Religion

History of civilization

Technological influence

Political-economic influence

Transsecular influence

Schools of thought

Indian philosophy

Original Hindu

Orthodox (Āstika)

Heterodox (Nāstika)

Western

Ancient and Medieval

Enlightenment and after

Modern

MAIN INFLUENCES BY CONCEPT

Being

Becoming

Being

Experience

Perfect categories

Kinds of being

Reason

Metaphysics

Real elements of Being

Cosmology

The Way of Being

 

Main Influences For
The Way of Being

PLAN

The document

1.     Make a simple list

Continue

2.     Cross reference influences and concepts (concepts.html, system of human knowledge.html)

3.     Parallel up date with the way-main.html, the docs above, and the database

Long term

4.     Import of influences and concepts

Sources

conceptual outline-essential: thinkers

history of human experience

action, charisma and history

history of thought and action

history of western philosophy

system of human knowledge

study topics

INTRODUCTION

Arrangements

The purpose to arrangements by discipline and by concept, includes cross-rererence.

Symbols used

Significant influence*

Priority for further investigation

MAIN INFLUENCES BY DISCIPLINE AND PERSON

This is the main division of the document. The subsequent divisions are resources.

Philosophy

Metaphysics, epistemology, logic, and ethics; education; religion

Idealist, rationalist

Parmenides

Parmenides

Philosopher of permanence—change is relative; known written work—a metaphysical poem On Nature, which includes an argument that whatever is, is permanent; Being vs becoming

Socrates

Socrates

Socratic method—dialogue that simulates imaginative critical thought

Plato*

Plato

Timaeus—a main source for Plato’s metaphysics; an account of the formation of the universe with an explanation of its beauty and order
Being, becoming, power, philosophy as logic (or dialectic), metaphysics, and ethics

Augustine

Augustine

Samkara, Adi*

Samkara, Adi

Samkara, Adi (Advaita Vedanta)

Identity of Atman and Brahman

Johannes Scotus Eriugena

Johannes Scotus Eriugena

universe as all that there is and that there is not over all time and space

Aquinas

Aquinas

Aeternitas

William of Ockham

William of Ockham

Superfluous universals (Ockham’s razor)

Descartes, Rene*

Descartes, Rene

Analysis of certainty and experience

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm

The monad (interiority of experience), necessity

Kant, Immanuel*

Kant, Immanuel

categories of experience are categories of Being

Schopenhauer, Arthur

Schopenhauer, Arthur

will, categories

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich

Husserl, Edmund

Husserl, Edmund

Heidegger, Martin*

Heidegger, Martin

Being, becoming, being human, time

Nietzsche, Friedrich*

Nietzsche, Friedrich

critique of culture and convention, authenticity

Alexander, Samuel *

Alexander, Samuel

space, time, God, categories

Whitehead, Alfred North*

Whitehead, Alfred North

Philosophy of organism, process

Nagel, Thomas

Nagel, Thomas

On consciousness, ‘what it is like

Lowe, E. J.

Lowe, E. J.

Being, metaphysics, kinds of Being

Materialist, empiricist

Democritus

Democritus

atomism

Heraclitus

Heraclitus

becoming

Aristotle*

Aristotle

metaphysics, categories, logic

Epicurus

Epicurus

principle of plenitude (without proof)

John Locke

John Locke

Berkeley, George

Berkeley, George

To be is to be perceived (esse est percipi), interpreted as the object without influence on experience does not exist rather than things exist only when perceived and certainly not as perception creates the object

Hume, David*

Hume, David

critic of induction as necessary

Mill, John Stuart

Mill, John Stuart

Frege, Gottlob*

Frege, Gottlob

referential meaning

Russell, Bertrand, Arthur, William

Russell, Bertrand, Arthur, William

Logicism, ostensive definition, theory of types, names and descriptions

Wittgenstein, Ludwig*

Wittgenstein, Ludwig

logic, metaphysics, philosophical psychology

Gödel, Kurt*

Gödel, Kurt

Limits to formal systems, is arithmetic synthetic

Popper, Karl Raimund*

Popper, Karl Raimund

scientific method, necessity of testability (‘falsifiability’)

Quine, Willard Van Orman*

Quine, Willard Van Orman

logic as empirical or synthetic

Kripke, Saul Aaron

Kripke, Saul Aaron

Searle, John*

Searle, John

On consciousness

Chalmers, David

Chalmers, David

On qualia

‘Qualia’ derives from the Latin ‘quale’ of what kind, was introduced by C. S. Lewis in 1929 in connection with sense-datum theory and its importance emphasized by David Chalmers in a paper Absent Qualia, Fading Qualia, Dancing Qualia (1995)

Mathematics and science

Mathematics, theoretical physics, functional and evolutionary biology, theoretical and experimental psychology, sociology, anthropology, political science and philosophy, economics

Newton, Isaac*

Newton, Isaac

Maxwell, James Clerk

Maxwell, James Clerk

Einstein, Albert*

Einstein, Albert

Schrödinger, Erwin*

Schrödinger, Erwin

Heisenberg, Werner

Heisenberg, Werner

Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice

Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice

Feynman, Richard*

Feynman, Richard

Darwin, Charles*

Darwin, Charles

Mayr, Ernst*

Mayr, Ernst

Freud, Sigmund

Freud, Sigmund

Nelson, Richard K

Nelson, Richard K

Cultural anthropologist; Make Prayers to the Raven: A Koyukon View of the Northern Forest, 1983

Weber, Max*

Weber, Max

Marx, Karl

Marx, Karl

Keynes, John Maynard

Keynes, John Maynard

Samuelson, Paul*

Samuelson, Paul

Religion

Philosophy and nature of religion

James, William

James, William

Eliade, Mircea

Eliade, Mircea

Smith, Huston Cummings

Smith, Huston Cummings

Campbell, Joseph

Campbell, Joseph

Hick, John*

Hick, John

History of civilization

The ingredients of civilization (http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/); Mesopotamia, Egypt > Indus > Aegean > China > America > Mediterranean > Regional civilizations > Global civilization

Technological influence

Especially language, writing, print; artificial intelligence and simulation; man-machine interface and integration; technology of civilization; technology of earth and space exploration.

Frank Tippler

Frank Tippler

Political-economic influence

Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great

Gengis Khan

Gengis Khan

Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar

Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov

Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov

Castro, Fidel

Castro, Fidel

Transsecular influence

Rishis of the Vedas

Rishis (Veda)

Mythic Sages of the Upanishads

Mythic Sages (Upanishad)

Valmiki

Valmiki (Ramayana)

Gautama Buddha

Gautama Buddha

Jesus

Jesus

Vyasa, Veda

Vyasa, Veda (traditional: Mahabharata, Bhagavad Gita)

Bhagavad Gita

Samkara, Adi*

Samkara, Adi (Advaita Vedanta)

Baker, Ian

The Heart of the World: A Journey to Tibet’s Lost Paradise, 2004

Schools of thought

This division is in broad strokes. It is also selective and focuses on the main influences on my thought.

Indian philosophy

Original Hindu

Veda

Upanishad

Bhagavad Gita

Orthodox (Āstika)

The Āstika schools accept the authority of the Vedas.

There are six main schools but I list only the main influences.

Samkhya

Yoga

Advaita Vedanta

Heterodox (Nāstika)

The Nāstika schools do not accept the authority of the Vedas. The four main Nastika schools are Cārvāka, Ājīvika, Buddhism, and Jainism. The one with significant influence is

Buddhism

Western

See system of human knowledge.html, system of human knowledge.html—detailed version, study topics.html for the way of being, and history of western philosophy.html

Ancient and Medieval

Greek philosophy

Medieval philosophy—patristic and scholastic (minor)

Enlightenment and after

Rationalism

Empiricism

Modern

Analytic philosophy

Continental philosophy

Especially Existentialism

MAIN INFLUENCES BY CONCEPT

This is for use in the main division, main influences by discipline and person.

Being

Becoming

Becoming, destiny, death, yoga, civilization, understanding, paradigm, truth

Writers on becoming

Heraclitus, Nietzsche, Whitehead

Being

Being, sameness, difference, existence, verb to be, abstraction-concretion, ¿why Being?

Writers on Being and the real

Being: Parmenides, Plato, Aristotle, Kant, Hegel, Heidegger

The real: writers on Being and Samkara, Buddha, John Hick, Kant

Experience

experience, consciousness, the given

experience and the world, canonical dilemmas (of experience), concept, intentionality, object, null object, concept meaning, linguistic referential meaning

Writers on experience

The phenomenologists: Franz Brentano, Heidegger, Edmund Husserl, Maurice Merlau-Ponty

On consciousness, recent: Searle, Chalmers, Nagel

On the world: see writers on Being, i.e. on the real

Perfect categories

the real via abstraction, ideal categories (elements), all (universe), parts (beings), null (the void), power, reason, possibility, potential

Writers

Aristotle, Kant, Schopenhauer, Hegel, Husserl. Samuel Alexander

Kinds of being

kind (of Being), mode (or level of Being), model (dynamic), conceptual model (linguistic)

Writers

See writers on Being and the categories

E. J. Lowe (Kinds of Being, 1989 and More Kinds of Being, 2009)

Reason

reason, rationalism, possibility (kinds), limitlessness, necessity, argument (Logic), science, religion, value, art

Writers on reason

Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Leibniz, Kant, Russell, Quine

Metaphysics

metaphysics, possibility of metaphysics (by demonstrative example), existence of the void, fundamental principle, perfect metaphysics (dual abstract-concrete, with dual epistemology), consequences: identity, cosmology of identity and Being, Atman, Brahman

essential problem of metaphysics, ¿what has Being?, problems of metaphysics

Writers on metaphysics

Thales, Parmenides, Heraclitus, Plato, Aristotle, Kant, Hegel, Heidegger, Wittgenstein

Real elements of Being

the real (via appropriate dual epistemology), real category, abstract-concrete, peak realization, perfect instrument, system of real categories: identity, dynamics, experiential modes

Writers on the real

See writers on Being, and on the categories

Cosmology

cosmology, method, general cosmology (descriptive, paradigms, models of universe—of Being and identity)

cosmology of formation and origins, transient, multi-step symmetry capture (greater probability of), form

physical cosmology (symmetry, dynamics, superposed residual indeterminism—e.g. quantum, models of cosmos), process, determinism (and indeterminism), causation, acausal process, mechanism (vs teleology); matter (Being), mind (Being-in-relation), modes of mind and matter

life, evolution

psychology, objectivity of experience, dimensions of experience, function, personality

agency, transformation, dynamics (intrinsic, instrumental)

value (axiology, aesthetics, ethics)

being human, becoming human, reflexive reason, life role, remaining human, time, death, authenticity, function role, tat tvam asi, transcendence; spirit

civilization, society, universal civilization, civilizing the universe, reason

Writers on cosmology

General—Plato, Kant, Hegel, Whitehead

Cosmology of formation and origins—classical metaphysics, Plato, Hegel

Physical cosmology and physics—Newton, Maxwell, Einstein, Schrödinger, Heisenberg, Dirac, and Feynman

Life, evolution—Darwin, Mayr

Psychology—Freud

Agency—

Value—

Being human, anthropology—Heidegger, Richard K Nelson

Civilization—

The Way of Being

The Way of Being, the highest pursuit

aim of Being, endeavor, destiny, path

pragmatic agency, yoga (intrinsic—and as instrumental; meditation), way of life, catalyst, reason, mystic, beyul, immersion, science, sciences (instrumental—and as intrinsic: immersive), technology

path, eternal process, the immediate and the ultimate, death, openness to the infinite, finite resolution of significant meaning, program, template

Thinkers, writers, actors for The Way

Buddha, Jesus, Samkara, Joseph Campbell

Frank Tippler, The Physics of Immortality (1994)