Concepts for The Way of Being

Essential Version

To a detailed supplement

ANIL MITRA © March 2018—July 2018
Updated Friday, July 27, 2018, 10:42:07

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Contents

PLAN

INTRODUCTION

Purpose

Sanskrit terms

English terms with Capitalization

FLOW OF SIGNIFICANT IDEAS

Essential ideas

Being

Reason

Metaphysics

Cosmology

The Way of Being

The flow of main ideas

Being

Reason

Metaphysics

Cosmology

The Way of Being

Database

Secondary Ideas

Being

Reason

Metaphysics

Cosmology

The Way of Being

Database

THE CONCEPTS

Being

Becoming

Being

Being itself

A relationship between Being and becoming

Experience

Experience as given

Experience and the world

On psychology

Ideal elements of Being

Kinds of being

Reason

The idea of reason

Ordinary or immanent reason

Doubt and dilemma

Possibility and logic

Argument

Science and religion

On science

Religion and its relation to science

Value

Metaphysics

Metaphysics

The fundamental principle of metaphysics

The principle

Consequences

The perfect universal metaphysics

Criticism of the metaphysics

Essential problem of metaphysics

Real elements of Being

On real elements

The system of real elements

The real elements: Identity

The real elements: Dynamics

The real elements: Experiential modes

Cosmology

Cosmology

General cosmology and method

Cosmology of formation, general and likely origins

Physical cosmology

Process

Mind and cosmos

Life

Psychology

Why psychology is placed here

What psychology is

Method

Identity

Experience

Dimensions of experience

Agency

Metaphysics of value

Being human

Spirit

Civilization and society

The Way of Being

The Way of Being

The aim of Being

Pragmatic agency and becoming

Path

SUPPLEMENT

Resources

Influences and sources

General resources

Metaconcepts for the database

 

Concepts for The Way of Being

PLAN

A temporary section

1.     A canonical list with definitions—the present content will be secondary

2.     Provide alternates to important terms: English and non-English (Atman, Brahman, Citta, Yoga, Sangha, Tat Tvam Asi…).

3.     Hyperlink repeated terms to definitions.

4.     Decide level(s) of operational detail.

INTRODUCTION

Purpose

The purposes of the document are

1.     To list the main concepts for the way systematically

2.     For use in the database.

Sanskrit terms

The document has a number of Sanskrit terms for which I do not yet have adequate English terms:

atman—the self that in Advaita Vedanta is identical to Brahman

brahman—ultimate real

citta—particular meaning is the ‘heart’ aspect of mind; here it refers to mind in all its aspects

sangha—community of individuals, giving mutual support to realize Brahman in this life and beyond

tat tvam asi—“Thou art that” meaning that the individual is ultimate reality.

yoga—system of ideas and techniques from Bhagavad-Gita and Yoga scriptures to realize Atman as Brahman… to yoke self to universe… here used in a general sense of any such way, regardless of cultural origin

English terms with Capitalization

Following are some important concepts. Note the capitalization.

Being—the quality of what is; that of which it may validly be said that it “is somewhere and somewhen” and for which the where and when need not be simple or connected; not defined as a substance; and indeed not a substance

a being—anything that has Being; a part of the universe; plural: beings

logic—generally any system of inference; most commonly deductive logic which is obviously distinct from induction (however that this distinction is absolute is not absolutely clear even thought it seems so)

Logic—logic to which fact is appended; also: argument

matter—first order Being; Being as elementary Being; elementary matter is sensed; as Being is not a substance, matter and mind are not substances

mind—refers to all aspects of mind, not just cognition; Being in experiential relation; second order Being; elementary mind is sensing

reason—critical imagination and experiential learning in relation to thought and action—the proliferation of words such as rationality, logic, argument is quite unnecessary as though there are so many different activities (except of course that some technical distinctions have easy technical significance)

the void—the null part; absence of manifest Being

universe—all that has Being

FLOW OF SIGNIFICANT IDEAS

The central ideas are marked by styles Essential Idea and Main Idea. Repeated terms are marked only once.

Essential ideas

Being

becoming, sangha (sharing community dedicated in truth)

Being, ideal elements of Being

Reason

reason

Metaphysics

metaphysics, fundamental principle, Brahman (ultimate real)

system of real elements (system of real categories)

Cosmology

cosmology, agency, being human, tat tvam asi

The Way of Being

The Way of Being, yoga. death

The flow of main ideas

Being

Becoming: culture and the aim of Being

becoming

destiny, edge of the known, paradigm, (limit), sangha, truth (sharing community dedicated in truth), persuasion, the greatest truth, understanding

Being

Being itself

Being, sameness, difference, existence, verb to be, abstraction, concretion

A relationship between Being and becoming

Experience

Experience as given

experience, concept

Experience and the world

self, object

On psychology

Ideal elements of Being

ideal elements of Being, (categories), ideal element, (all, whole, part, null, manifest, possible), power

Kinds of being

conceptual model, linguistic models

Reason

The idea of reason

reason

Ordinary or immanent reason
Doubt and dilemma

We should doubt everything, even doubt itself—i.e. we should doubt but still engage in becoming (absolutes, e.g. ‘doubt all’, should be rendered logical).

Possibility and logic

possibility, limitlessness, necessity

Argument

argument

Science and religion

On science

science

Religion and its relation to science

religion

Value

value, art

Metaphysics

Metaphysics

metaphysics, (possibility of)

The fundamental principle of metaphysics

The principle

fundamental principle

Consequences

consequences for identity, peaking, merging, Atman, Brahman, Aeternitas

The perfect universal metaphysics

perfect metaphysics, perfect epistemology

Criticism of the metaphysics

Essential problem of metaphysics

¿what has Being?

Real elements of Being

peak realization

On real elements

perfect instrument

The system of real elements

system of real elements (system of real categories), (real element, abstract, concrete)

The real elements: Identity

identity

The real elements: Dynamics

dynamics

The real elements: Experiential modes

experiential modes

Cosmology

Cosmology

cosmology

General cosmology and method

method

Cosmology of formation, general and likely origins

form

Physical cosmology
Process
Mind and cosmos

matter, mind

Life

life, evolution

Psychology

Why psychology is placed here
What psychology is

psychology, function, personality

Method
Identity
Experience
Dimensions of experience and personality

dimensions of experience

Agency

agency

Metaphysics of value

value, axiology

Being human

being human

becoming human, emergence of reason

reflexive reason, life roles, remaining human, function roles

tat tvam asi, transcendence

Civilization and society

civilization, civilizing the universe

The Way of Being

The Way of Being

The Way of Being, (the highest pursuit)

The aim of Being

aim of Being

Pragmatic agency and becoming

pragmatic agency

yoga, way of life, catalyst

Path

path

death (as fulcrum), openness to the infinite, finite resolution of significant meaning

Database

Secondary Ideas

Secondary Ideas, if repeated, may be marked multiple times.

Being

Becoming: culture and the aim of Being

becoming, destiny, cycle of being, stages of growth, limit, possibility, death, yoga, means, ideas, action, edge of the known, paradigm, (limit, flux, knowledge, concept meaning), primal, secular, suprasecular, sangha, truth, persuasion, the greatest truth, civilization, culture, significant meaning, immediate, ultimate, tradition, prologue, history of the way, understanding, reeducation of understanding (intuition, system of referential concept meaning)

Being

Being itself

Being, sameness, difference, existence, verb to be, how Being, abstraction, concretion, why Being

A relationship between Being and becoming

being-in, being-in-relation, ethics

Experience

Experience as given

experience, concept, primitive, given, ostensive definition, consciousness, phenomenal awareness

Experience and the world

standard model of the world, experience-of, pure experience, attitude, intentionality, action, effective Being, effective existence, self, experiencer, world, experienced, object, null object, real world, freedom of will, other minds, agents, reflexive experience, experience of experience, referential experience, recall, methodological skepticism, system of philosophical problems, doubt, solipsism, reconstruction of world, maximal field of being-experience (standard maximal field of being-experience and its reduction), strict solipsism

When and where Being emphasize being-in and being-in-relation to the immediate and the ultimate, becoming emphasizes being-toward an end. From this characterization, ethics(1) is immanent in Being.

On psychology

mind, behavior, is not academic psychology

Ideal elements of Being

ideal elements of Being, categories, ideal element, system of ideal elements, the universe, all, whole, beings, part, power, the void, null, reason, manifest, possible, power, possibility, potential

Kinds of being

kind (of Being), elements of the world, natural, experiential, social, civilization, pan-universal, models of the world, dynamics, form, formation, conceptual model, linguistic models, linguistic referential meaning (or linguistic referential concept meaning), symbol-object, concept, elements

Reason

The idea of reason

reason, rationality, method, reflex process, truth, knowledge, culture, tradition, action, technology, cumulative experience, learning

Ordinary or immanent reason

cognition, criticism, construction, imagination, emotion, feeling

Doubt and dilemma

doubt, canonical dilemmas

Possibility and logic

possibility, logical possibility, limitlessness, real possibility, universal possibility, natural possibility, agentive possibility, metaphysical possibility, necessity

Argument

argument, fact, inference, deduction, Logic, soundness, likely inference

Science and religion

On science

science, scientific method, data, law, theory, sciences, metaphysics as science, concrete sciences, abstract sciences, pattern, law, Law, pure history

Religion and its relation to science

religion

study of religion, empirical, conceptual, ideal

spirituality

Value

value, asiology, art, aesthetics, ethics, affect

Metaphysics

Metaphysics

metaphysics, (possibility of), abstract, concrete

The fundamental principle of metaphysics

The principle

existence of the void, heuristic, proof, fundamental principle

Consequences

consequences for identity, limitlessness, peaking, merging, Atman, Brahman, Aeternitas

The perfect universal metaphysics

perfect metaphysics, dual, integrated, perfect epistemology, object of thought, local metaphysics (existential significance, pragmatic significance, standard paradigm: primal, secular, suprasecular), local epistemology, science, metaphor, art, religion

Criticism of the metaphysics

criticism, existence of the void, heuristic, proof, consistency, internal consistency, empirical consistency, doubt, magnitude, utility, triviality

Essential problem of metaphysics

essential problem of metaphysics, ¿what has Being?, problems of metaphysics

Real elements of Being

peak realization

On real elements

perfect instrument

The system of real elements

system of real elements  (system of real categories), (real element, abstract, concrete), truth, knowledge, correspondence, perfect, dual correspondence-pragmatic truth

The real elements: Identity

identity (extension, sameness, difference, proximity, unimodal extension)

The real elements: Dynamics

dynamics (object-interaction-process, form and formation, identity-interaction-change)

The real elements: Experiential modes

experiential modes, (experience-experienced, mind-matter, attribute, single world attribute)

Cosmology

Cosmology

cosmology

General cosmology and method

general cosmology, method, descriptive paradigm, models of universe—of Being and identity, limitless arrays

Cosmology of formation, general and likely origins

one-step, multi-step, transient emergence, emergence from the void, no external creator, form, cosmology of formation and origins, adaptation, adaptation paradigm, variation and selection, stability, relative stability, symmetry, near symmetry, cosmological scales

Physical cosmology

physical cosmology, standard cosmology, physical models of formation, quantum chaos, multiverse, adaptive systems models, ab initio models, dynamics (superposed residual indeterminism—e.g. quantum, models of cosmos), conservation laws, second order dynamics, transience of origins, immanent physics, identity-dynamics-extension, quantum behavior, quantum vacuum

Process

determinism, absolute determinism, indeterminism, absolute indeterminism, causation, acausal process, mechanism, teleology

Mind and cosmos

first order Being, matter, mind, second order Being, form, modes of mind (and matter)

Life

life, ecosystem, organism, function, scales, reproduction, genetic material, evolution, theories of evolution, variation, selection, adaptation, history of life

Psychology

Why psychology is placed here
What psychology is

psychology, academic psychology, function, cognition, emotion, memory, personality, growth, biological psychology, description, academic psychology, philosophical psychology

Method

methodological skepticism, objectivity of experience, philosophy of psychology, science of psychology

Identity
Experience

experience, experience-of, effective Being, real Being, reflexive experience, referential experience, concept, general mental content, object capable of referring, higher, concept, object, referential meaning (referential concept meaning), language, linguistic referential meaning (or linguistic referential concept meaning), symbol, sign

Dimensions of experience and personality

dimensions of experience, experiencer, experienced, inner, outer, holist, bound-free, percept, feeling, emotion, concept-feeling, freedom of will, foresight, focal-background, intense, neutral, imperative, psychological function, cognition, emotions, fear, joy, pain, personality, plasticity, fixity, elements, type

Agency

agency, deployment of ability, foresight, dynamics, transformation, intrinsic, instrumental

Metaphysics of value

value (axiology), aesthetics, ethics, value as real, The Way of Being, highest pursuit

Being human

being human

becoming human, emergence of reason, childhood

reflexive reason, understanding reason, reasoning about reason, culture, role, adjustment, achievement; life roles: student, adult, relationship, parent, maturity, ageing and dying; remaining human, time, death, authenticity, function roles: play, education, life path, career: maintained, maintainer, forerunner, outlier, leader, seeking

tat tvam asi, transcendence: self-transcendence, culture-transcendence: defining limits of culture and paradigm, reason and the ultimate, actualizing

Spirit

spirit, soul, God

Civilization and society

civilization, local civilization, human civilization, universal civilization, civilizing the universe, instruments, reason, social science, information and technological science, art, religion, pragmatic agency

The Way of Being

The Way of Being

The Way of Being, the highest pursuit, enjoyment, pain

The aim of Being

aim, endeavor, goal, path, destiny

aim of Being

Pragmatic agency and becoming

pragmatic agency, principles of agency, knowledge system, intrinsic, instrumental

yoga, meditation, art, way, religion

way of life, metaphor, attitude, action, phases of life, sangha, walks

impediments, overcoming, achievement; external resources, internal resources

catalyst, physical, emotional, cognitive (citta), mystic, beyul, science, immersion, sciences, technology

Path

path, eternal process, journey of Being, individual journey, being in the present, the immediate and the ultimate, death, this life as finite, death as end

death, fulcrum, openness to the infinite, finite resolution of significant meaning, planning death

templates, universal template, everyday template, program, stories, drama, metaphor

sources, concepts, topic, influence, thinker, actor, work, discipline, publication, document, library, media

Database

database, database theory, knowledge generation, knowledge assistance, concept, source

THE CONCEPTS

 

Being

Becoming

becoming and manifestation; also see a relationship between Being and becoming

destiny (the unrealized that is thought to be foreseeable and realizable), cycle of being (i.e. of becoming), life(1), form, birth, stages of growth, limit, possibility(1), decline, death(1) (reckon, day), merging(1) with universal identity[1], yoga(1) (meditation(1)), peaks(1) of identity, limitlessness(1)

means, ideas, action(1); speech, persuasion (sharing, rhetoric), writing(1) (text(1)), and life; text: resources, adaptable templates(1) (universal, everyday, program and priorities, stories(1))

edge of the known (and unknown); (givenness of balance in) stability and fluidity in worldview, paradigm(1), paradigmatic limit and flux, knowledge, and concept meaning (distinguished from significant meaning which are the two uses of meaning in this document)—primal (holist), secular (open vs closed: science(1), art(1), humanities), and suprasecular (secular plus: religion(1), dogmatic vs open)

sangha (sharing community dedicated in truth) and persuasion—state first and always: the greatest truth and way (to other and self); then: explanation, reasons, lesser truth and means

civilization(1)

culture(1), significant meaning, the immediate and the ultimate(1), tradition(1), paradigm(2)

prologue (introduction, preface)

history of the way (stories(2), drama(1)); a human endeavor; an individual life (personal story, autobiography) and motives

understanding narrative (difficulty at the edge of the known)

reeducation of understandingintuition and system of referential concept meaning

Being

Being itself

Being(1), sameness, difference

I.e. existence(1); not contrasted to change—becoming—or non-being; derived from the verb to be[2] used in a tense, place, and quality neutral sense)

¿how Being? It is precise by abstraction[3]—there is existence; concretion.

¿why Being?

A relationship between Being and becoming

When and where Being emphasize being-in and being-in-relation to the immediate and the ultimate, becoming emphasizes being-toward an end. From this characterization, ethics(1) is immanent in Being.

Experience

Experience as given

experience[4](1), (concept(1)), experience as fundamental or primitive and so given; ostensive definition

near synonyms and related terms: consciousness, subjective awareness, phenomenal awareness, ‘what it is like’, qualia

alternate meanings not used: cumulative experience, common experience, external experience

Experience and the world

a standard model of the world (of experience)—the following are real

experience as: given, experience-of(1): pure experience, attitude (aboutness, of the world, intentionality), volitional, action oriented (internal, external)

experience and effective Being(1) (effective existence(1))

self (‘I’, experiencer(1)) and world (experienced(1); object(1), null object) or real world (metaphorically but mistakenly thought of as the external world—for the world contains the self and experience), freedom of will(1), other minds and agents

standard model: details

reflexive experience(1) (experience of experience(1)), referential experience(1)

recall(1) (memory(1))

methodological skepticism(1), (‘agnosticism’), system of philosophical problems to reconstruct the world

skeptical doubt(1): standard model—givenness of experience etc; solipsism

reconstruction of world: world as maximal field of being-experience (standard maximal field of being-experience and its reduction), necessity of from possible interpretations—world as field with selves and universe as self, world as material—and their logical indistinguishability; strict solipsism (untenability of), probable reconstruction

On psychology

Study of all things of mind and behavior; it is not academic psychology—i.e. not merely academic psychology of the twentieth and twentyfirst centuries.

Development is deferred to psychology where reasons for deferment are given.

Ideal elements of Being

element or ideal elements of Being (or categories, ideal and real)

ideal element[5] of Being (known perfectly, typically abstract—i.e., sufficiently abstracted from experience to permit perfect knowledge; note that even the concrete are abstracted)

a system of ideal elements

Being(2) (i.e. Being itself, which is an element or category)

the universe (all, whole), beings (singular: a being or existent[6] or part[7], which may include the whole, proper, and null parts), the void (null or null part), reason(1), manifest, possible (relative to the universe the possible is manifest somewhere in the history of the universe), power (experience as effective power), (possibility(2), and potential

Kinds of being

Purpose: Kinds of being fleshes the bare concepts of ‘Being’ and ‘beings’

elements of the world[8]

natural (material, living), experiential[9] (sentient, referring, standard psychological, free willing or agent, human), social-civilization, pan-universal

models of the world (developed later)

E.g. dynamics(1)[10] (entity, interaction, change), form and formation (paradigms of)

conceptual model, linguistic models

linguistic referential meaning(1)[11] (or linguistic referential concept meaning) (repeated later: [symbol-object](1) or sign(1)-concept(2)-object) and its elements[12]

examples: noun-object, verb-object, trope-object, sentence-object

Reason

The idea of reason

reason(2) (abstract(1) – allows perfect-ion, concrete(1) – pragmatic to perfect)

rationality, method(1), reflex process, truth(1), knowledge(1), knowledge system(1)[13], culture(2)-tradition(2) (validity), action(2) (technology(1)), cumulative experience, correction, learning

Ordinary or immanent reason

Entire mind—cognition, criticism and construction (imagination), emotion and feeling as guide and datum

Doubt and dilemma

Role of doubt; canonical dilemmas

Possibility and logic[14]

Argument

possibility(3) (logical possibility, limitlessness(2); real possibility—(logical), universal possibility, natural possibility, agentive possibility; metaphysical possibility—as real and as hypothetical-for-argument); necessity

argument

fact, observation (experiment, observation, repeatability, corroboration, consistency with other observation), pure fact, confirmation (abstraction)

inference, necessary inference, deduction, logic, Logic, validity, soundness, likely inference (generalization, conduction, scientific method(1)—details below, under science), strong argument, weak argument

Science and religion

On science

science(2), scientific method(2) (data: see fact, under argument above; law, theory: induction, hypothesis generation, abduction, also see likely inference, under argument above)

sciences(1)

metaphysics as science[15]

concrete sciences—natural sciences, social sciences, historical sciences, linguistics

abstract sciences—logic, mathematics, statistics, computer science

nature, pattern, law (Law, theory), pure history[16]

Religion and its relation to science

religion(1) (as exploration of the trans-empirical realm by intuition, symbol, metaphor, art, metaphysics, and so on; without claim as literal knowledge or science; but without violation of reason)

study of religion cannot be scientific or empirical alone but must be empirical, conceptual, and ideal in light of the perfect universal metaphysics

religion and spirituality intersect; some people prefer the latter term but I prefer religion in all its aspects including those that we see as limiting and destructive

Value[17]

value(1) (sources of; as premise) or axiology(1)

art(1), aesthetics(1), ethics(2)

affect (emotion(1))

Metaphysics

Metaphysics

metaphysics(1), (possibility of), (abstract(2)[18], concrete(2))

method(s)(2)

The fundamental principle of metaphysics

The principle

existence of the void(1)

heuristic (if the universe is in a void state), proof (nature of the void and law)

the fundamental principle of metaphysics (FP): the universe has limitlessness(3), i.e. is realization of logical possibility

A perspective on the universe as the logically possible. A common approach to ultimate physics is projection from history of physics. An uncommon approach is to enquire of the outer limit of all knowledge so as to project in. What is the limit? It does not exceed logical possibility.

And we have just shown it reaches this limit. We are about to find this immensely empowering in itself and addressing questions of science, the meaning of its fundamental concepts, and a broad perspective on its future trajectory.

Consequences

consequences for identity(1)

universal, individual, finitude

limitlessness(4)

peaking(2), merging(2), Atman (individual real, self, real self, permanent self, soul), Brahman (ultimate real, Aeternitas)

The perfect universal metaphysics

perfect metaphysics (dual, abstract-concrete integrated)

perfect epistemology (dual, integrated), meaning of the phrase ‘object of thought’ and possible objects of thought

local metaphysics, local epistemology, science(3), metaphor, art(2), religion(2)

the perfect metaphysics gives context to the local and alters its significance—enhancing its existential significance if somewhat diminishing its pragmatic significance, particularly the significance of the standard paradigms primal, secular, and suprasecular; these do retain significance as in systems of human knowledge (knowledge system(2)) but they are no longer ultimate in significance

Criticism of the metaphysics

criticism

existence of the void(2)

response: heuristic (fundamental explanation will be necessary and make no assumption; will not distinguish among manifestation of logically possible states), proof (equivalence of existence and non existence of the void)

consistency

response: internal consistency (reason, logic), empirical consistency (science, common experience)

doubt(2): magnitude of claim, utility of claim, triviality (including triviality of Being)

response: rationally irrelevant, yet

magnitude—motive to doubt and resolution as above and comparison to science: the metaphysics is more rational and globally empirical; less locally empirical, which is irrelevant as the metaphysics is trans-local

utility—the metaphysics is existentially powerful and, with local knowledge, powerful both locally (the local is enhanced) and in realizing the ultimate

triviality—it is trivial but powerful

Essential problem of metaphysics

essential problem of metaphysics

¿what has Being?, subsumption of the problems of metaphysics

The ideal elements were real and perfectly known by abstraction. Via abstraction of the essential from the particular, there is Being—there are beings. From an abstract perspective, Being as quality may be seen as a being.

Real elements of Being

peak realization

On real elements

The ideal elements were real and perfectly known by abstraction.

The perfect universal metaphysics extends the metaphysics of the ideal elements (the pure or abstract metaphysics). The pure shows the ultimate; the unattainability of the classical local ideals and therefore the absence of need for it; and the local pragmatic knowledge as perfect instrument for attainment of the ultimate and perfect in its pragmatism; and therefore a dual metaphysics and epistemology as perfect (this does no negate the classical ideal in that we want better local knowledge even though we know it cannot be perfect).

The real elements are a perfect instrument, interacting combination of the ideal and the pragmatic.

The system of real elements

(the ideal and abstract as real)

system of real elements (system of real categories)

real element[19] of Being

the abstract(3) and the concrete(3) (elements)

truth(2) (or knowledge(2)) as correspondence(1) distinguishes the abstract as ideal from the concrete

on dual correspondence(2)-pragmatic truth(2) the abstract-concrete merge as perfect

dual correspondence-pragmatic truth

The real elements: Identity

identity(2)[20]-extension[21]

modes, e.g. sameness, difference, proximity, unimodal extension, spatial extension, duration, and spacetime

The real elements: Dynamics

dynamics(2) (triad of object-interaction-process or identity-interaction(2)-change at material and agent levels[22], form and formation (paradigms of)(2)

identity-interaction-change

The real elements: Experiential modes

experiential modes[23]

experience-experienced(2) (roughly mind-matter)

attribute[24], experience as the single world attribute

Cosmology

Cosmology

cosmology is general cosmology and all its divisions

General cosmology and method

general cosmology, method

method(s)(3) (reason(3), descriptive paradigm(3): the metaphysics, possibility, models of universe—of Being and identity)

universe as limitless arrays of cosmoses (in extension) and identities, merging into, peaking as, dissolution from one identity; manifestation as one-step and multi-step with transient emergence from the void (emergence from the void); there is no external creator for the universe but one cosmos may be implicated in the creation of another

Cosmology of formation, general and likely origins

form, cosmology of formation and origins

one-step as remote possibility, multi-step with transient emergence and adaptation (adaptation paradigm: random variation and selection for stability) as ‘symmetry capture’, stability and relative stability (symmetry and near symmetry), cosmological scales

Physical cosmology

physical cosmology

standard cosmology and physics—big bang, general relativity, quantum theory and standard model of elementary particles

physical models of formation—out of quantum chaos, multiverse (bubble universes), adaptive systems models

ab initio models—see cosmology of formation, adaptation, stability, symmetry, dynamics (superposed residual indeterminism—e.g. quantum, models of cosmos), and conservation laws; conservation and second order dynamics; transience of origins as source of immanent physics: physical identity-dynamics-extension (as in general relativity); quantum behavior and quantum vacuum as vestige of transients from the void

Process

determinism (general, absolute determinism), indeterminism (general, absolute indeterminism)

cause, causation, causality, acausal process

mechanism, teleology

Mind and cosmos

With Being as Being or first order Being as the preferred concept of matter, mind is Being in relation (experiential relation) or mind is Being in relation or second order Being, the preferred concept of mind, which always has the potential to be experiential (from FP, and from which there must be mind). Here, ‘mind’ is the most general term for the mental, covering sensation, perception, cognition, feeling, and emotion.

Form is logically necessary for mind but further material substrate is not—the form is (part of) the material; multiple modes of mind (and matter) are possible even in a single cosmos but in stable cosmoses it may be expected that there is a single mode of matter and correspondingly a single mode of mind; different modes from the same or different cosmoses may merge and emerge as other modes or a single mode

Life

life(2)

ecosystem, organism

biological function

scales, micro to meso; molecular, chemical, and physical biology

reproduction

genetic material

evolution

theories of evolution[25], variation, selection, adaptation

history of life

Psychology

Why psychology is placed here

Psychology began in Being, particularly sections experience and the given, experience and the world, ideal elements of being, and kinds of being. It is placed here (1) to keep early development direct, (2) to benefit from the metaphysics, (3) to use terms for mind and matter that are as broad as possible in scope and that avoid their distorted connotations, and (4) to avoid circularity.

What psychology is

psychology

Here psychology is broader in scope and method than academic psychology which has appropriated the term ‘psychology’ in such a manner as to distort it.

Psychology will mean study

Of all things about mind—all function: cognition, emotion; memory; aspects of function, e.g. learning; personality and growth

Of all things related to mind—body and brain (biological psychology), mind and world

By all means—description; academic psychology; conceptual or philosophical psychology (initiated earlier)

Method

reason(4), methodological skepticism(2)

objectivity of experience[26] (see being, experience, and objectivity)

philosophy of psychology, science of psychology[27]

Identity

See the section real elements of Being.

Experience

It is convenient to repeat some terms from section Being—the subsections experience and the given, experience and the world, and kinds of being

experience(2)

experience-of(2)

effective Being(2) (effective existence(2)), real Being(3) (existence(2), existence and effective existent are the same; power and effective power are the same)

reflexive experience(2) (experience of experience(2)), referential experience(2)

recall(2) (memory(2))

concept(3) (as general mental content, as object capable of referring; higher concept), object(2), referential meaning (referential concept meaning) as concept-existent or concept-object

language and linguistic referential meaning(2) (or linguistic referential concept meaning) as [symbol-object](2) or sign(2)-concept-object)

Dimensions of experience

experience(3), dimensions of experience, experiencer(2), experienced(3) (inner, psyche, body; outer, world, other; holist), form-quality

(not currently for development: phenomenon, subject, object or as-if object)

bound-free content

bound content (percept-feeling), free content (higher concept, emotion(2) or concept-feeling), freedom of will(2), foresight

focal-background

intense, neutral, imperative

psychological function

cognition (perception, conception, language), emotions (fear, joy), pain

personality

development, plasticity-fixity, elements, type and relationship to Being

Agency

(conceptual) (see pragmatic agency and becoming, below)

agency (deployment of ability, emphasizing the following)

foresight, dynamics(3), will, metaphysics(2), reason(5)

transformation

intrinsic transformation, instrumental transformation

Metaphysics of value

value(2), or axiology(2)

aesthetics(2), ethics(3)

value as real[28] (from the metaphysics and nature of the abstract)

The Way of Being(1)—the highest pursuit(1) as seen from the metaphysics—see the Way of Being.

Being human

recall that reason involves the entire being

being human

Being at the intersection of the limited and the limitless; finite Being capable via mind of understanding and negotiating the infinite in abstract and the concrete beginning of limitlessness.

Grounded in the world (nature and civilization) by body (and mind) and by mind in the universe.

becoming human, growth

emergence of reason, childhood

reflexive reason

understanding reason, reasoning about reason

culture, role, adjustment, and achievement

life roles: student, adult, relationship, parent, maturity, ageing and dying

remaining human, time, death, authenticity

function roles: play, education, life path (career: maintained, maintainer, forerunner or outlier, leader), seeking

tat tvam asi (“you are that”; self as ultimate real)

transcendence: self-transcendence, culture-transcendence

defining limits of culture and paradigm, reason and the ultimate, actualizing

Spirit

In on the idea of spirit.html, the concepts of spirit, soul, (and God), are found ontologically superfluous.

There is no ontological need for the concept of spirit over and above that of Being.

Civilization and society

civilization(2)[29]

local civilization, human civilization, universal civilization, civilizing the universe

society(1)

instruments (of civilization)

reason(6), metaphysics(3), social science, information and technological science of universal civilization, art(3), religion(3), pragmatic agency(1)

The Way of Being

The Way of Being

The Way of Being(2)the highest pursuit(2) as seen from the metaphysics—to know and realize the real and valuable in the immediate and the universal. From the metaphysics this is rates enjoyment over avoidance of pain in realizing, merging in peaks of Being.

The aim of Being

aim

endeavor, goal, path(1), destiny

aim of Being

The way of Being(3)

Pragmatic agency and becoming

(continued from psychology > agency above)

pragmatic agency(2) (feasible agency; as follows)

principles of agency (the metaphysics, dynamics(4), reason(7))

knowledge system(3)[30] (intrinsic—‘internal’ and self-mind oriented, instrumental—external and world-body oriented)

yoga(2) (intrinsic), (principle, nature—to bind or yoke self to universe; practice, action—yoga as instrumental), (traditional and non-traditional means to “apprehend” the universe—i.e. to know – understand – become the essence of the universe), meditation(2)

art(4) (iconic, literature, metaphor, drama(2), ritual, architecture)

way (religion(4))

way of life (knowledge, metaphor, attitude, action(1), phases of life, sangha)

walks of life

impediments (resentment, fear, anger, …), overcoming in balance with achievement; external resources (the exemplary, the way, community), internal resources (reason…)

catalyst (catharsis)

physical

emotional

cognitive (citta, vijñana)

mystic

beyul

science(4) (instrumental); science, sciences and immersion (intrinsic)

sciences(2) of nature, psyche, society(2) and civilization(2); technology(2)

Path

(epilogue)

path(2)

eternal process

journey of Being, individual journey, being in the present, the immediate and the ultimate(2)

death

this life as finite, death as end to this life

knowledge of death(2) to enhance meaning and experience in this life and beyond: the finiteness of this life as fulcrum to openness to the infinite dual to finite resolution of significant meaning in the present

planning <the date of> one’s death

planning death

templates(2) (universal template, everyday template, program and priorities, stories(3)drama(3), myth, metaphor, allegory, parable, novel)

SUPPLEMENT

 

Resources

Concepts are marked below but unnecessary to the database. Appropriate resource concepts are in the section on becoming.

Influences and sources

sources

concepts(3)

topic, influence, thinker, school, actor

General resources

work

discipline

publication (primary, secondary, tertiary)

document (personal, shared), biography, autobiography

library, media

Metaconcepts for the database

database

database theory, knowledge generation, knowledge assistance

general, knowledge, metaphysics

concept[31]

reflex concept

source

author, text(2), literature, writing(2) (personal, shared), resource

 



[1] The presence of these notions, secular and other, at this point is ‘for consideration’, not as fact or dogma.

[2] ‘To be’ may be specific or nonspecific respect to place, tense, and quality. For Being, the nonspecific is the primary interest. In abstraction suppresses the distinctions.

[3] More on abstraction and the related notion of meaning later. In an alternate development, language, meaning, and reason could be preliminary to Being.

[4] Definition and explanation. Elaboration could fit here but is more effective in psychology.

[5] An ideal element is perfectly known, typically in a correspondence sense by conceptual abstraction. Thus the ideals are typically abstracta. However, the abstract are real. What we call concrete tend to be objects-in-direct-experience which are also known by abstraction—i.e. perceptual abstraction. If pragmatic knowledge is admitted then the concreta are also perfect. The abstract-concrete distinction or continuum is rather metaphorical in character.

[6] Plurals are ‘beings’ and ‘existents’.

[7] A part need not be simple or connected and the defining feature of a part need not be based in spatiotemporal-like sameness and difference; a set of entities specified by the number ‘two’ or exhibiting ‘two-ness’ or a range of energies (where energy has meaning) are a part. A part is a being and a being is a part. There is no further connotation to ‘Being’ and ‘beings’. Connotations are introduced via kinds of being.

[8] As defining the world, elements and models are essentially metaphysical. The degree to which these may be precise in general is not given in advance of identifying or defining and critiquing the metaphysics.

[9] Mental.

[10] Mechanics is an alternate term. What are some further possible terms?

[11] See linguistic referential meaning in the way-main.html. See language, meaning, and metaphysics for elements of language.

[12] See grammar, language, and metaphysics in language, meaning, and metaphysics.

[13] See system of human knowledge.html.

[14] Kept separate from argument because possibility has a special role in developing the metaphysics

[15] As science, metaphysics is not essentially as concrete-empirical as the concrete sciences and not essentially as abstract-conceptual as the abstract sciences but employs method, the abstract, and the concrete as they are useful in a science of Being, beings, and the universe.

[16] Refers to the temporally indeterministic side of history.

[17] Value falls under reason and rationality because many of their uses require input from values and affect. Further, though objectivity in values may be elusive, they will be seen real and subject to critique and improvement even where consensus may be difficult.

[18] Previously ‘pure metaphysics’.

[19] Extended category; equivalent to ‘element’. Includes the ideal elements or categories.

[20] Identity is (sense of) sameness with difference (change)—as experienced, existent, or object. Obviously some kind of continuity is involved; it may be in memory and identification rather than ‘material’ continuity. As far as the principle of identity is concerned, it is not necessary to explicitly resolve the nature of the continutity.

[21] Generalized spatiotemporal—identity derived—sameness and difference. Difference with and without identity mark local time and space, respectively.

[22] Why second order? Perhaps for conservation and translation invariance.

[23] I prefer experiential-experienced over the varied and limited connotations ‘of mind’ and ‘of matter’ because of the varied connotations of the latter. Thus, ‘mind’ often omits emotion; and these equivalents all limited: material, physical, sensible, manifest, effective, causal, energetic and so on. Some possibilities for matter are first order Being; possibilities for mind are second order Being, psyche, the Pali ‘citta’. Citta would be in an abstract-general use that suppresses distinctions of process vs. entity etc and includes manas and vijñana.

[24] In the sense of Spinoza who identified our two attributes as thought-extension, or mind-matter. Spinoza explained world as God who had an infinite number of attributes. I argued that there can only be two attributes in the mind-matter series but that beings can have an infinite number of properties. I now argue that there is a single ‘attribute’.

[25] I.e. the major components of Darwinian evolution. Not a reference to Lamarck’s theory or any teleological theory.

[26] Meaning that existence and some of its facets, e.g. freedom of will, are or can be known objectively… and not that the putative objects experience are known ‘objectively’, or not, without investigation.

[27] What it is and how it is done.

[28] This is quite distinct from saying values are objective or ‘scientific’.

[29] Our civilization is the web of human culture over time and continents; greater or universal civilization is the interacting matrix civilizations and Being across the universe.

[30] See system of human knowledge.html (repeated footnote).

[31] Concepts are objects or parts of objects that refer to other objects. Not all objects are capable of having reference but some beings with minds are. See referential meaning in the way-main.html.